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Artist Paint Medium - Watercolor
Watercolour, also spelled Watercolor, pigment
ground in gum, usually gum arabic, and applied with brush and water to a
painting surface, usually paper; the term also denotes a work of art executed in
this medium. The pigment is ordinarily transparent but can be made opaque by
mixing with a whiting and in this form is known as body color, or gouache; it
can also be mixed with casein, a phospho-protein of milk.
Watercolor compares in range and variety with any other painting method.
Transparent watercolor allows for a freshness and luminosity in its washes and
for a deft calligraphic brushwork that makes it a most alluring medium. There is
one basic difference between transparent watercolor and all other heavy painting
mediums—its transparency. The oil painter can paint one opaque color over
another until he has achieved his desired result. The whites are created with
opaque white. The watercolorist's approach is the opposite. In essence, instead
of building up he leaves out. The white paper creates the whites. The darkest
accents may be placed on the paper with the pigment as it comes out of the tube
or with very little water mixed with it. Otherwise the colors are diluted with
water. The more water in the wash, the more the paper affects the colors; for
example, vermilion, a warm red, will gradually turn into a cool pink as it is
thinned with more water.
The Dry-Brush Technique - the use of the brush containing pigment but little
water, dragged over the rough surface of the paper creates various granular
effects similar to those of crayon drawing. Whole compositions can be made in
this way. This technique also may be used over dull washes to enliven them.
"watercolour." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2011. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/637363/watercolour>.
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